Perioperative Anesthesia Reports
Perioperative Anesthesia Reports
Narrative Review

Regional anesthesia overview: historical aspects, dissemination, and safety

Pedro Paulo Kimachi, Marcio Matsumoto, Raquel Chacon Ruiz Martinez

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Regional anesthesia has been widely debated in the literature. This article presents a brief historical overview of regional anesthesia, including critical aspects for its dissemination. In addition, local anesthetics with less neuro and cardiotoxicity and techniques initially guided by electrical stimulation, later followed by ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia, are discussed. Finally, the main recommendations for safety are considered.


Regional anesthesia; history of regional anesthesia; safety recommendations


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