Perioperative Anesthesia Reports
Perioperative Anesthesia Reports

Guidelines and Policies

Instructions to Authors and Editorial Policies

Before submitting a manuscript, authors should carefully read and follow the Perioperative Anesthesia Reports’ Instructions to Authors. The Editorial Office can help authors with the submission process if needed. Decisions on submissions are expected to take approximately 10 weeks.


Mission and Scope

The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports is the official electronic and continuous-flow publication of the São Paulo State Society of Anesthesiology (SAESP - Sociedade de Anestesiologia do Estado de São Paulo, Brazil) that publishes peer-reviewed Case Reports, Case Reports with Literature Reviews, Research Protocols, Systematic Reviews, Pictorial Reviews, Narrative Reviews, Letters to the Editor, Clinical Images, and Editorials. Narrative reviews and editorials are published only by invitation from the Editor-in-chief.

Perioperative Anesthesia Reports do not accept the submission of data results of original investigations related to randomized or observational trials or other related study design trials.

The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports publishes original works in all correlated areas of anesthesia, critical care, pain, palliative care, and perioperative medicine, including basic, translational, and clinical research, as well as technology innovation and education. Perioperative Anesthesia Reports is a journal intended for researchers, anesthesiologists, or even Academics and other Health professionals. 

Plagiarism and duplicate publication

The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports accepts only original articles which are not under consideration by any other scientific publication and must not have been published before, except abstracts presented in conferences or meetings, academic theses, and preprints described in the cover letter.

Submissions must not contain any plagiarism. The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports uses a cloud-based platform to compare submitted manuscripts to previous publications. Authors must earn and send all permissions for any overlapping content to the Editorial Office and correctly identify them in the manuscript.


Peer Review

All articles submitted for publication in Perioperative Anesthesia Reports are analyzed by two or more members of the Editorial Board or external peer reviewers at the discretion of the Editor-in-chief or the Associate Editors. The submission’s journey begins when the author submits the article to the Submission Platform, where the Managing Editor ensures that the Instructions to Authors are thoroughly followed. The Editor-In-Chief will deliberate about the Acceptance and then will delegate to the Associate Editor to manage the review process to enhance the article’s quality. 

Perioperative Anesthesia Reports operate a double-blind review process, so the authors must remove from the text all data that can identify them, like names, affiliations or institutions, etc. Reviewers do not have the information on who is responsible for the articles when they are reviewing, and the authors also do not know who has reviewed their manuscript at any stage of the publication process as well.

The Editor-in-chief will initially assess all peer reviewers able to evaluate the article. Publications deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to evaluate the paper's scientific quality. The Editor-in-chief is responsible for the final decision regarding the acceptance or rejection of articles.


After acceptance


One set of page proofs, or a link for access, will be sent by e-mail to the Corresponding Author so that authors can approve them.

Author, please use the proofs only for checking typesetting, editing, completeness, and correctness of the text, tables, and figures. Significant changes to the material accepted by Perioperative Anesthesia Reports for publication will only be considered at this stage after the editor-in-chief's permission.

In a single communication, ensure that all corrections are sent back to Perioperative Anesthesia Reports. Please check your answers before replying, and the inclusion of any posterior corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is your responsability.


Publication fees

Perioperative Anesthesia Reports is an Open Access journal whereby expenses are partly recovered by charging the authors, or sponsors, a publication fee for each published article: US$ 500.00 (non-Brazilian first author) and US$ 200.00 (Brazilian first author). Perioperative Anesthesia Reports grants fee waivers when the first author is a SAESP associate, as well as in cases of invited Reviews, Editorials, and Letters to the Editor. 

All communications should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief by e-mail: 


Types of articles

Type of manuscript 



Tables + Figures 


Case Report




Unstructured up to 100 words

Case Report with literature review




Unstructured up to 150 words

Research Protocol




Structured up to 150 words

Systematic Review




Structured up to 250 words

Narrative Review (by invitation)




Unstructured up to 250 words

Letter to the Editor





Clinical Image





Editorial (by invitation)






Reporting guidelines

To enhance research quality and transparency, Perioperative Anesthesia Reports mandates the use of an appropriate Reporting Guideline when writing any type of manuscript Guidance on each type of study and how.  The correct reporting guideline can be found on the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) website <>. Authors must submit a completed checklist of the chosen reporting guideline and the flow diagram, if applicable. The checklist form helps to ensure that the specific reporting guideline was used correctly and supports the editors and reviewers to complete the same checklist  and review. If the checklist indicates an item that was not addressed in the manuscript, the authors should explain in the text why this information is not relevant.


Section Policies

Case Reports

Perioperative Anesthesia Reports only accepts for publication Clinical Information related to unprecedented cases or Case Reports describing innovations and new clinical approaches incorporating information other than merely presenting techniques, methods, or medical devices or novelties.


Case Reports with Literature Review

Submissions of Case Reports together with a literature review are also accepted.  The authors must send a copy of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) agreement or Informed Consent Form for publication of all types of Case Reports. Even if your country or Institution does not require these guidelines, they are mandatory for Perioperative Anesthesia Reports.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

The images or illustrations for Case Reports publication must be anonymized and unidentified. Specific signed authorization for publication must be obtained from the patient, family, or legal guardians and submitted together with the Case Report.  

The  CARE guideline  <> is recommended for reporting one Case Study or a series of case studies, or the ACRE guideline for Case Reports directly related to perioperative practice <>.


Research Protocol

Primary clinical, observational, or experimental research information have different characteristics. A copy or link of the ethical approval of the study, as well as its registry, should be submitted with the manuscript. The author can check the list of registry platforms for clinical trials in <>. Brazilian authors are strongly encouraged to register at ReBEC (The Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials)  <> before submission.  To describe standard protocol items for a clinical trial, authors should use the SPIRIT guideline <>, or choose the specific EQUATOR guideline <> in accordance with the research protocol type. 


Systematic Review

Authors should register the review protocol in PROSPERO (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews) and declare the review protocol in the Methods section, besides indicating where it can be accessed. Epitomize sections attaching the implications of main findings, avoid repeating published studies' outcomes, and seek an evidence-based conclusion. Incorporating the protocol or the results of a new study with previous relevant studies in a meta-analysis is encouraged. PRISMA-P <>  is the guideline for a systematic review protocol,  and PRISMA is the guideline used to report the systematic review or meta-analysis <>.


Narrative Review

The Narrative Reviews are written by invitation from the Perioperative Anesthesia Reports’s Editor-in-chief. The uninvited author should contact the Editor-in-chief who will evaluate the Narrative Review proposal for the Perioperative Anesthesia Reports with no guarantee of acceptance. 


Letter to the Editor

Letter to the Editor should include constructive, objective, and educational comments on already published Perioperative Anesthesia Reports articles or freestanding subjects. Reporting research findings or Case Reports as Letters to the editor are not advised. “Freestanding” letters to the editor may discuss matters of interest to readers without any link to papers already published in Perioperative Anesthesia Reports. Letters will be published at the discretion of the Editor-in-chief.


Clinical Images

The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports considers the publication of Pictorial Reviews or Clinical Images, which provide both textual and visual portrayals of a topical issue, depending on the educational merit, currency, and illustrations. The text must be short, with much of the message contained in the figures and legends. The authors must send a copy of the Institutional Research Board (IRB) approval or agreement to Perioperative Anesthesia Reports for all figures, pictures, and data.



The Editorials are written only by invitation from the Perioperative Anesthesia Reports’s Editor-in-chief.


Conference Abstracts

The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports publishes abstracts presented at COPA (Congresso Paulista de Anestesiologia - São Paulo Congress of Anesthesiology), which is entirely organized by SAESP (Sociedade de Anestesiologia do Estado de São Paulo - The São Paulo State Society of Anesthesiology), as well as other meetings related to Anesthesia. The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports considers Case Reports, Reviews, and Original Investigations published as conference abstracts. In this case, the peer review is the scientific committee of the respective meeting.


Supplements and Thematic Sections

The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports also considers Supplements or Thematic Sections for publication.

The language of publication of the abstracts will be the same as the related scientific meeting. The set of Conference abstracts of a specific meeting can be published as a Supplement by Perioperative Anesthesia Reports.



The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports receives submissions only in English.

The author must send it to a certified English review, such as Proof-Reading-Service (PRS), Enago or  American Journal Experts (AJE).


Use of inclusive language

The authors must write with inclusive language that acknowledges diversity and conveys respect to all people sensitive to differences and promotes equal opportunities. Authors should not make assump­tions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader. The text should present noth­ing that might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of race, sex, culture, or any other characteristic, and should use inclusive language through­out. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias.



Inclusion criteria

Perioperative Anesthesia Reports adopts ICMJE criteria for authorship: <>. Each author is required to declare his contribution to the article. All authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation, so the roles of all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be accurate and included in the disclo­sure statement.

All authors should have made substantial contributions to the following: the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be submitted.


Changes to authorship

Any addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made before the manuscript has been accepted. To request such a change, the corresponding author must specify the reason for changing the author list and send written confirmation from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal, or rearrangement. In the case of adding or removing authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

While the Editor-in-chief considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published, any requests approved by the Editor-in-chief will result in a corrigendum.

Authorship with the names, ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID), affiliations, and contributions of all authors, indicating the Corresponding Author should be shown. The Corresponding Author is responsible for all communications with the Editorial Office. If the authors still don’t have an ORCID, it can be registered at <> before the acceptance.



The authors should mention the acknowledgments in the cover letter file. Acknowledgements can be used to list individually who has provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assis­tance, proofreading the article, etc.).


Competing interest

Funding sources

The authors must identify who provid­ed financial support to the Research in a concise way. The authors must describe the role of all sponsor(s). If the funding source had no such involvement, it should be stated as well. To facilitate compliance with funder requirements, list funding sources in a standard format. (i.e., This work was supported by the XXXXX [grant number xxxx]. Grants and awards do not need to be described in detail.

When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the insti­tute or organization that provided it.

If no funding has been provid­ed for the research, the author must include the following sentence: “This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies from public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors”.


Conflict of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. If there are no conflicts of interest, please state: “Conflicts of interest: none”.


Research data

The Perioperative Anesthesia Reports encourages the authors to share data that supports the research publication in an appropriate data repository and enables them to interlink the data with the published article.

Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that vali­date research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, we also encourage the author to share the software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods, and other valuable materials related to the project.


Data linking

The author can link the article directly to the dataset if the author has made the research data available in a data repository. Perioperative Anesthesia Reports collaborates with reposi­tories to link articles on the data repository chosen by authors, providing readers access to underlying data that give them a better understanding of the research described.

There are different ways to link the datasets to the article. When available, the author can directly link them by providing the rele­vant information in the submission system. 

For supported data repositories, a repos­itory banner will automatically appear next to the published article. In addition, the authors can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers with­in the text of the manuscript.


Data availability statement

To foster transparency, the Perioperative Anesthesia Reports encourages the authors to state data availability during submission. If the data is unavailable for access or unsuitable to post, this gives the author the opportunity to indicate why. If the author submits this form with the manuscript as a supplementary file, the statement will appear next to the published article.


Ethics in publishing

The authors must send a copy of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) agreement or Informed Consent Form for publication involving all types of Case Reports. Even if your country or Institution does not require these guidelines, they are mandatory for Perioperative Anesthesia Reports.   


Studies in animals

All animal exper­iments should comply with the AR­RIVE (Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) guidelines: <­porting-the-arrive-guidelines-for-re­porting-animal-research/> and be carried out following local country regulation. It is fundamental to clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed and upload the guidelines’ checklist.

It must indicate the sex of animals and, when appropriate, the association (or influence) of sex on the results section; the genotype, source, strain, number of backcrosses, and age of the animals.


Studies in humans

In case the article in­volves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the research described has been carried out in ac­cordance with The Decla­ration of Helsinki - The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association for experiments involving humans: <>. The authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. Privacy rights must al­ways be observed and protected.

The manuscript should be in line with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals <> and aim for the inclusion of representative human populations (sex, age, and ethnicity) as per those recommendations. The manuscript must contain data on the age (mean with range), height (m), weight (kg), sex (male/female, with numbers and percentages), criteria for selection, and health conditions, among others that are signifi­cant to study results. Complex information is better presented in a table to facilitate the data understanding.

  • Informed consent and patient details: re­quire Institutional Ethical Committee or Internal Review Board (IRB) ap­proval and the informed consent should be documented in the article. Appropriate consents, permissions, and releases must be obtained when an au­thor wishes to include case details, oth­er personal information, or images of patients or any other individuals. Please indicate how the consents were obtained and have them available in case they are requested by the reviewers.
  • Images: must be non-identified and anonymous, and a specifically signed au­thorization for publication should be obtained from the patient, legal guardian, or family and submitted along with the manuscript or case report. If there is no written permission, the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and any supplementary materials (includ­ing illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.


Copyright and agreement forms

Along with the submission process, the Corresponding Author will be asked to complete and sign the Perioperative Anesthesia Reports’ publishing Agreement, as well as the Copyright form, available at the following link:

If one of the authors disagrees with the submission they can get in touch via email (


Open Access

The Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) is a license deed that allows others to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and derivative works based upon it, but only if they give the author or licensor the credits in the manner specified by these. This is a human-readable summary of (and not a substitute for) the full legal text of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

You can find the full text of the license deed and its legal code on the Creative Commons website. It's important to understand the terms of the license to ensure compliance with the attribution requirements when using or sharing content covered by CC BY 4.0.


Submission guidelines

A copyright transfer form, signed by all authors, must be uploaded as a complementary file as soon as the manuscript is submitted. Click here to download the copyright form.


Submission files

The submissions must have the following files: 




Cover Letter



Title Page






Tables + Figures

 Figure1.jpg, Figure2.jpg 

 In case of use 

Copyright and Agreement


Yes. Sign for the Corresponding Author

 Institutional Re­search Board (IRB) 


Yes for Case Reports

In case of acceptance, the same form must be duly signed by all authors (not just the Corresponding author).

Before the submitting process, check the Submission Checklist.


Cover letter file

The novelty and value of the authors’ work must be stated, in addition to the scope of the article to publish in Perioperative Anesthesia Reports, mentioning why the Perioperative Anesthesia Reports’s Editor-in-chief should consider the article for publication. The corresponding author must state that the article was not previously published (or if it was published as a preprint or academic work). The Cover letter will not be part of the final version of the manuscript.

Authors must indicate the number of tables, words, and figures in the submitted manuscript.



At the discretion of the Editorial Board, preprints can be submitted and will not count as a prior publication but must be cited in the submission.


Submission: declaration and verification

If accepted, it must not be published elsewhere in the same form, or in any language, including electronically, without the writ­ten consent of the copyright holder. The submitted article will be checked for plagiarism through Ithenti­cate: <>.


Previous Publication 

The submission of an article implies that the paper has not been previously published, except if the publication was in the form of an Abstract, Academic Thesis, or as part of Published Lecture, or as an electronic preprint. It means that the manuscript is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities and Institutions where the work was carried out.


Title page file

What should the Corresponding Author include on the Title Page?

  • The running title.  
  • Authorship with the names, ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID), affiliations, and contributions of all authors, indicating the Corresponding Author. The Corresponding Author is responsible for all communications with the Editorial Office. If the authors still don’t have an ORCID, it can be registered at <> before the acceptance.
  • Copy or attach the Institutional Re­search Board (IRB) approval of the submis­sion and the link for the study registry.
  • Download the model of Title Page bellow:


Manuscript file

Send the file in editable Word format.


Manuscript preparation

Title of the manuscript

The title of the manuscript must be concise and informative, as it is often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid formulae and abbreviations in the title unless necessary; avoid commercial and copyrighted names. Write the title in the simplest way possible. The title should include the study design. Avoid titles longer than 150 characters. The titles must be written in English (American) with only the first letter in uppercase.



The Abstract should provide readers with a brief overview of the study so that they may determine if they are interested or want to know more about the study. The abstract should provide the context for the research, as well as state the importance of the findings.


The abstract should contain the following sections: 

Research Protocol: Background, Methods and Conclusions.

Systematic Review: Background, Methods, Results and Discussion.

Another types: Unstructure.



Provide at least three and a maximum of six keywords in alphabetical order and separated by commas to represent the article's content. The descriptors or keywords should be based on MeSH (The Medical Subject Headings) <>.

Cardiac surgery, Anesthesia, Delirium, Pre-anesthetic evaluation


Manuscript sections

Case reports: Introduction, Case Report and Discussion.

Case Reports With Literature Review: Introduction, Case Report, Revision and Discussion.

Systematic Review: Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion.

Another types: Unstructure.



All references must be presented according to the Vancouver Style  <>, and journal/publications names should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus - abbreviation of journal titles <>

The authors must ensure that the data provided in the references are accurate so that links to abstracting and indexing services can be created. A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is created and never changes so the author can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article.

References must be cited and numbered (superscript) according to the order in which they are cited in the manuscript. Please check the maximum number of references according to the type of manuscript before submission.


Tables and figures

Tables and figures must be cited in sequence and placed at the end of the manuscript. According to the type of article, check the maximum number of Tables. Tables must be sent in an editable file.  

All figures and tables must be presented at the end of the manuscript, after the references, and cited in the appropriate part of the manuscript.


Image standards and integrity

The images or pictures in Perioperative Anesthesia Reports publication must be anonymized and unidentified. Specific signed authorization for publication must be obtained from the patient, family, or legal guardians and attached to the manuscript.


Image manipulation

Sometimes images need to be manipulated for clarity avoiding scientific ethical abuse or fraud.

  • No specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced;
  • Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if, and as long as, they do not obscure or eliminate any information pres­ent in the original;
  • Nonlinear adjustments must be disclosed in the figure legend;
  • The resolution of the material must be 300+ dpi;
  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing in your original artwork;
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text;
  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files;



Regardless of the application used, when the electronic artwork is finalized, please “Save As” or the images must be converted to one of the following formats:

  • EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as “graphics”;
  • TIFF (or JPG): Color or grayscale photographs. For halftones, use a minimum of 300 dpi;
  • TIFF (or JPG): Bitmapped line drawings, use a minimum of 1000 dpi;
  • TIFF (or JPG): Combinations of bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale); a minimum of 500 dpi is required.


Do not

  • Supply files that are optimized for screen use, as the resolution is too low;
  • Supply files that are too low in resolution;
  • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.


Figure captions

Each figure has a caption, and the author must comprise a brief title and a description of the figure, explaining all symbols and abbre­viations used. Supply captions separately, not attached to figures, and keep text in the illustrations themselves to a mini­mum.



The authors should define abbreviations that are not standard in the field in the first time they are mentioned in the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoid­able in the abstract must be defined when first mentioned. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article. 



The authors must follow internationally accepted rules and conventions. The International System of Units (SI). If other units are mentioned, such as Fahrenheit, please, always give their equivalent in SI. 


Supplementary material

Scientific research can be supported and enhanced with supplementary material, including supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips, videos, and more. The item is published exactly as it is submitted online, without any typesetting. The material must be submitted with the article, along with a concise and descriptive caption. During any stage of the process, if you wish to make any changes to the supplemental data, please ensure that you provide an updated version and do not annotate the previous one. Make sure the "Track Changes" option is turned off in any Microsoft Office file, as these will appear in the published supplement.


Video data

Video material and animation sequences are accepted to support and enhance scientific research. Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article.

This can be done in the same way as a figure or a table, by referring to the video or animation content in the body of the text. All submit­ted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file’s content.

To ensure that the video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recommend­ed file formats with a maximum size of 150 MB. These files will be published online in the electronic version of the article on the internet site of the journal.

Please supply stills, choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image to be used instead of standard icons, personalizing the link to your video data.


Online Submission

Track your submitted manuscript

Track your manuscript at:


Author rights

As an author, you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. For more information, access: Creative Commons — Atribuição 4.0 Internacional — CC BY 4.0


Self-archiving policies

Include a description of your self-archiving policy. We indicate the repositories Diadorim and Sherpa/Romeo.


Submit your manuscript

Submit your manuscript at:

Periop. Anesth. Rep.

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